Department of Civil Engineering

Department of Civil Engineering: Building the Future

Civil engineers have one of the world's most important jobs: they build our quality of life. With creativity and technical skill, civil engineers plan, design, construct and operate the facilities essential to modern life, ranging from bridges and highway systems to water treatment plants and energy¬ efficient buildings. Civil engineers are problem solvers, meeting the challenges of pollution, traffic congestion, drinking water and energy needs, urban redevelopment and community planning.

Most people cannot imagine life without the many contributions made by civil engineers to the public’s health, safety and standard of living. Only by exploring civil engineering’s influence in shaping the world we know today, can we creatively envision the progress of our tomorrows.

Civil Engineering is the broadest of the engineering fields. Civil engineering focuses on the infrastructure of the world which include Water works, Sewers, Dams, Power Plants, Transmission Towers/Lines, Railroads, Highways, Bridges, Tunnels, Irrigation Canals, River Navigation, Shipping Canals, Traffic Control, Mass Transit, Airport Runways, Terminals, Industrial Plant Buildings, Skyscrapers, etc. Among the important subdivisions of the field are construction engineering, irrigation engineering, transportation engineering, soils and foundation engineering, geodetic engineering, hydraulic engineering, and coastal and ocean engineering.

Objective of the Course(B.Tech Civil Engineering)

"Civil Engineering is the art of directing the great sources of power in nature for the use and convenience of man, as the means of production and of traffic in states, both for external and internal trade, as applied in the construction of roads, bridges, aqueducts, canals, river navigation and docks for internal intercourse navigation by artificial power for the purposes of commerce, and in the construction and application of machinery, and in the drainage of cities and towns.

Civil Engineering has been an aspect of life since the beginnings of human existence. Civil engineering might be considered properly commencing between 4000 and 2000 BC in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia when humans started to abandon a nomadic existence, thus causing a need for the construction of shelter.

The construction of Pyramids in Egypt (circa 2700-2500 BC) might be considered the first instances of large structure constructions. Other ancient historic civil engineering constructions include the Parthenon by Iktinos in Ancient Greece (447-438 BC)

In 1818 the Institution of Civil Engineers was founded in London, and in 1820 the eminent engineer Thomas Telford became its first president. The institution received a Royal Charter in 1828, formally recognizing civil engineering as a profession. In India pioneering work was done by eminent engineers like Sir M. Visveswariya.

Present status at National and International level: In a developing country like India construction activity is the second largest economic activity next to agriculture .The amount of money invested and the jobs provided by the civil engineering industry are much larger than any other industry. Many major projects like Express ways, River linking projects, Metro rails, Nuclear power projects, Hydropower projects, Docks and Harbors, Flyovers, International Air ports are coming up in various parts of the country .Due to developments in the IT industry many IT parks are coming up in major cities. The scenario is almost same at international level

Placement Opportunities

Civil Engineering graduates have a wide variety of professional options available. Some enter the practice of civil engineering, working for engineering firms or starting their own businesses; others work for city, state, or country governmental organizations, becoming city, state, or country engineers. Still others pursue Masters or Ph.D. degrees, which lead either to academic positions or higher level jobs within the private sector. Ultimately, an engineering degree provides a rigorous exposure to logical thinking and the design process. With the immense growth in housing infrastructure development, nuclear projects, Hydropower projects etc. There is ever growing demand for well educated and well trained civil engineering students all over the world.

Change in Technology in last five years
In the past few years the scope of civil engineering has grown to include several new areas of study i.e. Project Management ,Life cycle design ,Real time monitoring, Rehabilitation, Smart systems, Space structures, Remote sensing and Geographical information system, Design using software, Bus rapid transit system, Metro rail, Mega city development, Malls etc.

Up coming Technology
Overall globalization of economy has resulted in more and more demand for better infrastructural facilities and eco friendly environment. To cope up with this the new techniques that are used in this industry are Green buildings, Eco housing for sustainable development, use of non conventional energy for energy conservation, Rain water harvesting, Use of advanced composite materials, High performance concrete, Roller compacted concrete, Ready mix concrete, etc.

Contribution to the society
Civil Engineering is for people; planning and constructing the environment in which they live. Civil Engineers are men and women who are trained to plan, design, construct and maintain the facilities which contribute to our modern way of life. Civil Engineers are responsible for building, bridges, roads, harbors, dams, airports, coastal protection, water supply and public health services.

Civil engineering plays a very important role for the socio- economic development of the human being and for development of healthy cities .It is a discipline which is of use for common man in everyday life.

Future scope
There is unlimited scope to this discipline at national as well as international level as every day there is growing demand for housing, amenities and infrastructure. In India major projects like Golden Quadrilateral and River interlinking projects are coming up. In future, the civil engineers will required to deal with the major problems like water scarcity, environmental pollution, solid west management, Traffic management, etc.